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Tomb Sculptures (Haniwa) and Funerary Rites

"Tomb Sculptures (Haniwa) and Funerary Rites"

Heiseikan Japanese Archaeology Gallery  December 21, 2021 (Tue) - June 19, 2022 (Sun)

Tomb Sculpture (Haniwa): Boat, Found at Saitobaru Burial Mounds, Miyazaki, Kofun period, 5th century (Important Cultural Property)

The advent of burial mounds coincided with the emergence of a specific kind of tomb sculpture, called haniwa. These sculptures are assumed to have played an important role in ancient funerary rites, and were a common feature of burial mounds until the practice declined after early societies abandoned the construction of colossal, keyhole-shaped burial mounds. This section of the gallery features house-shaped tomb sculptures, which were the dominant type during the 5th century. The lineup also includes illustrative examples of three other types of tomb sculptures: those in the shapes of weapons and household items, cylindrical sculptures, and wooden sculptures.

Major Work(s) on Exhibit 3 results
Designation Name Amount Creation Excavation Period Acquisition Ownership Comment
Highlight Important Cultural Property Tomb Sculpture ("Haniwa"): Boat Found at Saitobaru Burial Mounds, Miyazaki Kofun period, 5th century J-21498
Highlight Tomb Sculpture ("Haniwa"): Walled Ritual Space Found at Akabori Chausuyama Tumulus, Gunma Kofun period, 5th century J-21146
Highlight Lid Kofun period, 5th century J-6490