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Sculpture

"Sculpture"

Japanese Gallery (Honkan) Room 11  May 11, 2021 (Tue) - August 29, 2021 (Sun)

  
The Deva Kichijōten (detail), Passed down at Ōmiya Shrine, Kyoto, Heian period, 10th century

Japan has three main traditions of sculpture: Buddhist deities, Shinto deities, and portraits of people. Buddhism was introduced to Japan from the Korean Peninsula in the 6th century, together with sculptures of Buddhist deities. These sculptures were made primarily for worship. Making a sculpture was also an “act of spiritual merit” that would help one’s prayers to be answered.

In contrast, Shinto is the indigenous religion of Japan. Since ancient times, people believed that Shinto deities dwell in natural features like mountains and rivers, and rarely depicted them as humanlike sculptures. Even when a Shinto shrine had a sculpture for worship, the priests usually kept it hidden from view out of respect.

Some portrait sculptures were also worshipped, as they showed deified monks or samurai. Others were made to remember the dead and pray for their salvation. This gallery features works mainly from the Heian (794–1192) and Kamakura (1192–1333) periods, when many of Japan’s most admired sculptures were created.

Major Work(s) on Exhibit 4 results
Designation Name Amount Creation Excavation Period Acquisition Ownership Comment
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property The Shintō Deity Hachiman By Kyōkaku Kamakura period, 1326 (Karyaku 1) Lent by Akana Hachimangū, Shimane
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property The Deva Daikokuten By Kaiken , Passed down at Tōdaiji Temple, Nara Nanbokuchō period, 1347 (Jōwa 3) Lent by the Agency for Cultural Affairs
_MD_RECOMMEND The Deva Kichijōten Passed down at Ōmiya Shrine, Kyoto Heian period, 10th century C-1833
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property The Eleven-Headed Bodhisattva Kannon Heian period, 9th century Lent by Akishino Temple, Nara
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