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Painting and Calligraphy | 16th–19th century

"Painting and Calligraphy | 16th–19th century"

Japanese Gallery (Honkan) Room 8  July 13, 2021 (Tue) - August 22, 2021 (Sun)

  
Exquisite Flowers from the Realm of Immortals: Sponge Gourds and Water Hyacinths, By Itō Jakuchū, Edo period, 1768

A thriving economy, foreign trade, and better education invigorated painting and calligraphy. Previously, ruling classes like the samurai and court nobility were the main patrons of art. But in the Edo period (1603–1868), more people started to benefit from the economy. Successful merchants in particular gained the wealth to support artists and buy their works.

Many painters continued working in traditional styles, while others started looking to outside sources for inspiration. Paintings and painting manuals imported from China were one source. Another was the books and prints that traders brought from Europe, which showed techniques like realistic shading and perspective. As a result, painting in Japan became more diverse in style and subject matter.

Meanwhile, the ancient custom of writing with a brush and ink continued. The literacy rate increased dramatically as schools for different social classes were established, particularly in cities and towns. The publishing industry thrived and more people took up the art of calligraphy.

Major Work(s) on Exhibit 12 results
Designation Name Amount Creation Excavation Period Acquisition Ownership Comment
_MD_RECOMMEND Nachi Falls By Ike no Taiga (1723–76) Edo period, 18th century A-11521
Ferryboat By Hanabusa Itchō (1652–1724) Edo period, 18th century A-11617
_MD_RECOMMEND Exquisite Flowers from the Realm of Immortals: Sponge Gourds and Water Hyacinths By Itō Jakuchū (1716–1800) Edo period, 1768 (Meiwa 5) A-12445-5
Exquisite Flowers from the Realm of Immortals: Chinese Mallows and Hydrangeas By Itō Jakuchū (1716–1800) Edo period, 1768 (Meiwa 5) A-12445-6
Exquisite Flowers from the Realm of Immortals: Bleeding Hearts and Arrowroot By Itō Jakuchū (1716–1800) Edo period, 1768 (Meiwa 5) A-12445-8
Exquisite Flowers from the Realm of Immortals: Grape Vines and Orchids By Itō Jakuchū (1716–1800) Edo period, 1768 (Meiwa 5) A-12445-10
Exquisite Flowers from the Realm of Immortals: Palm Fronds and Irises By Itō Jakuchū (1716–1800) Edo period, 1768 (Meiwa 5) A-12445-13
Exquisite Flowers from the Realm of Immortals: Cotton Rosemallows and Soy Beans By Itō Jakuchū (1716–1800) Edo period, 1768 (Meiwa 5) A-12445-15
_MD_RECOMMEND Exquisite Flowers from the Realm of Immortals: Rose Balsam and Turnips By Itō Jakuchū (1716–1800) Edo period, 1768 (Meiwa 5) A-12445-19
Exquisite Flowers from the Realm of Immortals: Cowpeas and Eggplants By Itō Jakuchū (1716–1800) Edo period, 1768 (Meiwa 5) A-12445-20
_MD_RECOMMEND Poems and Letters By Yoshida Shōin (1830–59) Edo period, 19th century Gift of Mr. Nagahara Gen, B-2920
Epigraph for Suisaisha Hall of Koume By Fujita Tōko (1806–55) Edo period, 1845 (Kōka 2) Gift of Mr. Akiyama Matsutarō, B-1404
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