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The Arts of Buddhism | 8th–16th century

"The Arts of Buddhism | 8th–16th century"

Japanese Gallery (Honkan) Room 3  May 25, 2021 (Tue) - July 4, 2021 (Sun)

  
Sudhana's Pilgrimage to Fifty-Five Learned Teachers (From the Flower Garland Sutra) (detail), Kamakura period, 13th century (Important Cultural Property)

The beliefs and arts of Buddhism, along with its followers, became more diverse over time. In the Heian period (794–1192), the emperor and court nobility practiced and supported Buddhism. They used their vast wealth to build temples and create images for worship, often in delicate styles reflecting their tastes.

In the Kamakura period (1192–1333), the samurai gained political power, also becoming patrons of Buddhism. They preferred Buddhist art that was clear and dynamic, which led artisans to develop new styles. Many common people also became followers of Buddhism at this time, blending this religion with local beliefs, especially in the Muromachi period (1392–1573).

During these centuries, monks brought new schools of Buddhist thought from China, and developed new schools in Japan based on older teachings. Buddhism also became more integrated with Shinto, the indigenous religion. The paintings, sculptures, ritual tools, and sacred calligraphy on display illustrate this diversity in Buddhism.

Major Work(s) on Exhibit 16 results
Designation Name Amount Creation Excavation Period Acquisition Ownership Comment
Important Cultural Property The Wisdom King Aizen Kamakura period, 13th century C-1858
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property The Five Esoteric Bodhisattvas Kamakura period, 13th century Private collection On exhibit through June 20, 2021
_MD_RECOMMEND National Treasure The Sixth of the Sixteen Arhats Heian period, 11th century A-10946-6 On exhibit through June 20, 2021
_MD_RECOMMEND National Treasure The Eleventh of the Sixteen Arhats Heian period, 11th century A-11085-3 On exhibit through June 20, 2021
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property The Buddha Dainichi in the Form of the Cosmic Buddha of the Golden Wheel Kamakura period, 13th century A-10601 On exhibit through June 20, 2021
_MD_RECOMMEND The Iconography of the Bodhisattva Miroku Passed down at Kōsan-ji Temple, Kyoto Kamakura period, 13th century A-759 On exhibit through June 20, 2021
The Iconography of the Peacock Wisdom King Passed down at Kōsan-ji Temple, Kyoto Heian period, 12th century A-12118 On exhibit through June 20, 2021
_MD_RECOMMEND The Iconography of the Heavenly King Bishamonten Heian period, 12th century A-11724 On exhibit through June 20, 2021
_MD_RECOMMEND The Iconography of the Thousand-Armed Bodhisattva Kannon with Twenty-Eight Attendants Kamakura period, 13th century A-342-5 On exhibit through June 20, 2021
_MD_RECOMMEND The Mandala of Wish-Granting Jewels Kamakura period, 14th century A-111 On exhibit from June 22, 2021
_MD_RECOMMEND The Monk-Prince Shinnyo Kamakura period, 14th century Gift of Mr. Okazaki Masaya, A-10152 On exhibit from June 22, 2021
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property The Iconography of the Buddhist Patriarchs By Genshō (1146–1222), Passed down at Kōsan-ji Temple, Kyoto Heian period, 12th century A-10 On exhibit through June 20, 2021
The Iconography of the Sixteen Guardian Deities of the "Great Perfection of Wisdom Sutra" By Genshō (1146–1222), Passed down at Kōsan-ji Temple Heian period, 1179 (Jishō 3) Gift of Mr. Matsunaga Yasuzaemon, A-10579 On exhibit from June 22, 2021
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property Sudhana's Pilgrimage to Fifty-Five Learned Teachers (From the "Flower Garland Sutra") Kamakura period, 13th century A-11876 On exhibit from June 22, 2021
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property Record of the "Kiuhō" Ceremony for Bringing Rain By Shōken Heian period, 1191 (Kenkyū 2) B-1918
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property Head of a Monk’s Staff Heian period, 1142 (Kōji 1) Lent by Tesshūzen-ji Temple, Shizuoka
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