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The Arrival of Buddhism | 6th–8th century

"The Arrival of Buddhism | 6th–8th century"

Japanese Gallery (Honkan) Room 1  May 25, 2021 (Tue) - July 4, 2021 (Sun)

  
Ritual Objects Used to Consecrate the Site of Kohfukuji Temple, Strips of Beaten Gold
Excavated from under altar of Main Hall at Kohfukuji, Nara, Nara period, 8th century (National Treasure)

Japan's leaders transformed their society by adopting Buddhism and other foreign cultures and practices. Buddhism was founded by Gautama Buddha in ancient India around 500 BC. Later it spread throughout Asia and was introduced to Japan from the Korean Peninsula in the 6th century AD.

In the Asuka period (593–710), people from the Korean Peninsula brought advanced knowledge to Japan. They included monks, scholars, and artisans, who brought technology, scholarship, artistic traditions, and Buddhist teachings. Under the leadership of the emperor and powerful clans, Buddhism began to flourish as temples were built and sacred images created.

In the Nara period (710–794), Japan’s leaders emulated the Buddhist culture that was thriving in China. In the capital of Nara, the emperor oversaw the creation of a giant buddha sculpture at Tōdaiji Temple, the symbol of a state now unified under Buddhism. The sculptures, ritual tools, sacred texts, and other works on display illustrate these two periods of rapid change.

Major Work(s) on Exhibit 8 results
Designation Name Amount Creation Excavation Period Acquisition Ownership Comment
_MD_EXPLANATION Important Cultural Property The Bodhisattva Nikkō Previously owned by Kinrin-ji Temple and Kōsan-ji Temple, Kyoto Nara period, 8th century C-218
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property "The Ten Concentrations" from the "Flower Garland Sutra", Volume 2 of 3 (Known as "Tōmoku Bosatsu Kyō"; Transcribed by the Order of Kibi no Yuri) Nara period, 766 (Tenpyō-jingo 2) Gift of Mr. Sorimachi Eisaku, B-3300
_MD_RECOMMEND National Treasure Ritual Objects Used to Consecrate the Site of Kohfukuji Temple, Strips of Beaten Gold Excavated from under altar of Main Hall at Kohfukuji, Nara Nara period, 8th century E-4303
National Treasure Ritual Objects Used to Consecrate the Site of Kohfukuji Temple, Eight-Lobed Mirror with Design of Auspicious Flowers and Paired Phoenixes Excavated from under altar of Main Hall at Kohfukuji, Nara Tang dynasty, 8th century E-14255
_MD_RECOMMEND National Treasure Ritual Objects Used to Consecrate the Site of Kohfukuji Temple, Large Bowl Excavated from under altar of Main Hall at Kohfukuji, Nara Nara period, 8th century E-14260
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property Bowl Nara period, 8th century E-14284
Important Cultural Property Eight Nested Bowls Collection of Hōryūji Treasures Nara period, 8th century N-264
_MD_EXPLANATION Incense Burner with Handle, With lion-shaped weight at end of handle Nara period, 8th century E-19927
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