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Painting, Calligraphy, and Seals of the Shanghai School

Painting, Calligraphy, and Seals of the Shanghai School / Asian Gallery (Toyokan) Room 8   November 17, 2020 (Tue) - December 23, 2020 (Wed)

  
The Nine Elders (detail), By Ren Yi, China, Qing dynasty, 1883 (Gift of Dr. Hayashi Munetake)

After the Opium War (1840–42), the Taiping Rebellion (1851–64), and wars with major powers, a revolution led to the establishment of the Republic of China in 1912. In Shanghai, the port was opened for international trade from the treaty of Nanjing (1842).

Trade and the establishment of American, British, and French settlements led to rapid modernization and an influx of Western technology, culture and ideas. While prosperous cities such as Nanjing, Suzhou and Yangzhou fell into turmoil in the Taiping Rebellion, the wealthy moved to Shanghai to take advantage of its economic development and security.
 
The concentration of wealth lured many artists to the city, and led to the establishment of art societies and schools, making Shanghai a center for art and culture. Artists known for their plain subjects in bold brushwork active in this period of rapid modernization are known as the Shanghai School.


 

 Major works in this exhibition
* Works listed below are in the TNM Collection unless otherwise indicated.
 Major works in this exhibition
* Works listed below are in the TNM Collection unless otherwise indicated.
Poem in Running Script, By Zhao Zhiqian, China, Qing dynasty, 1883 (Gift of Mr. Takashima Kikujirō)
Duilian in Standard Script, By Weng Tonghe, China, Qing dynasty, 19th century (Gift of Dr. Hayashi Munetake)
Grapes, By Wu Changshuo, China, Qing dynasty, 1902 (Gift of Mr. Takashima Kikujiro)
Peonies, By Wang Zhen, China, Republic period, 1924 (Gift of Dr. Hayashi Munetake)
Desk and Stationary Chest, China, Qing dynasty, 19th century