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Asian Gallery (Toyokan)

Image of "Asian Gallery (Toyokan)"

Toyokan was reopened on January 2, 2013. The galleries feature art and artifacts from regions including China, Korea, Southeast Asia, Central Asia, India, and Egypt.

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Asian Gallery (Toyokan) Room11 – 13 will be closed from May 10, 2021 to July 5, 2021.


1st floor

 Image of "Chinese Buddhist Sculpture" 
Room 1  April 20, 2021 (Tue) - April 24, 2022 (Sun)

This section mainly features stone or gilt bronze Buddhist statues from about the 6th to the 8th century. The statues on display present the exquisite form of sculptures from the golden era of Buddhist statues in China.

2nd floor

 Image of "Artifacts from West Asia and Egypt" 
Room 3  April 20, 2021 (Tue) - July 18, 2021 (Sun)

This part introduces artifacts from West Asia and Egypt, known as the cradle of the earliest civilizations.

 Image of "Sculptures from India and Gandhara" 
Room 3  June 24, 2020 (Wed) - June 27, 2021 (Sun)

This part mainly features Buddhist statues from Gandhara (northwestern Pakistan) and Mathura (northern, central India) from the 2nd to the 5th century. The wide variety of sculptures on display is a notable feature.

 Image of "Art of the Western Regions" 
Room 3  May 11, 2021 (Tue) - June 20, 2021 (Sun)

This part introduces art of the Western Regions (Central Asia) from about the 1st to the 10th century, with a focus on Buddhist art. The highlight of this part is the rich variety of works with high artistic and historical significance.

3rd floor

 Image of "The Advent of Chinese Civilization" 
Room 4  May 18, 2021 (Tue) - November 14, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery focuses on pottery and jade objects from about 3000 BC to AD 200. The items on display present the beauty that ancient Chinese people pursued in the form and color of pottery, as well as the characteristic luster of jade.

 Image of "Chinese Bronzes" 
Room 5  March 9, 2021 (Tue) - June 27, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery focuses on Chinese bronzes from about 1,800 BC to 1,000 AD. The changing shapes and designs of the bronzes on display provide clues to the thoughts and shifting religious beliefs of the ancient Chinese people.

 Image of "Burials in China" 
Room 5  February 23, 2021 (Tue) - June 27, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery introduces burial goods from about the 2nd century BC to the 8th century AD. During this period, the aristocracy and ruling elites were buried in tomb mounds along with numerous items meant to ensure their comfort in the next life, such as miniature models of daily goods (mingqi) and tomb figures shaped like servants or other people to care for them after death. The miniature models are often related to livestock or agriculture and give clues about the dietary practices of people living during this period. Visitors will also have the opportunity to see tomb figures from the Han dynasty (206 BC–220 AD) and earthenware decorated in the renowned "three-color glaze" (sancai) of the Tang dynasty (618–907).

 Image of "Chinese Ceramics" 
Room 5  June 15, 2021 (Tue) - November 7, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery presents the changing expressions of Chinese ceramics from the 7th to the 19th century.

 Image of "Chinese Textiles: Prized Textiles" 
Room 5  April 27, 2021 (Tue) - July 4, 2021 (Sun)

Tea masters greatly admired imported fabrics, the most prized of which were later given names referencing their previous owners or the temples they were passed down at. In line with tea masters’ preferences, textiles decorated in gold thread, woven patterns, stripes, and vibrant colors were imported to Japan from places like China, India, and Iran. These prized textiles were often made into mountings for hanging scrolls or cloth pouches for tea containers.

4th floor

 Image of "Stone Relief Carvings of China" 
Room 7  April 6, 2021 (Tue) - April 10, 2022 (Sun)

In the 2nd century BC, Chinese tombs were not simply holes in the ground. They developed to have walls and ceilings, with a structure almost like underground mansions. Tombs also appeared that had shrines built above ground for the bereaved families to perform rituals. Particularly in Shandong province and southern Henan province, sturdy stone was favored for making the tombs and shrines, with the stone surfaces used for carving images. Many of these stone bas-reliefs were created until the second half of the 2nd century in the Eastern Han dynasty.

 Image of "Chinese Painting: Scholar Rocks" 
Room 8  May 18, 2021 (Tue) - June 20, 2021 (Sun)

Chinese art often features strange-looking rocks with intricate twists and numerous holes. Fascination with such rocks has a long history. During the Tang dynasty (618–907), the poet Bai Juyi (772–846) described them in his Account of Lake Tai Rocks. Successive generations of rock enthusiasts not only collected and appreciated them, but also tried to express their beauty in paintings. This exhibition features such paintings from the 17th to the 20th century.

 Image of "Chinese Calligraphy: Paper and Silk" 
Room 8  June 1, 2021 (Tue) - July 18, 2021 (Sun)

In China, from the Eastern Han Dynasty to the Eastern Jin Dynasty, writing materials shifted from bamboo and wooden slips to paper and occasionally silk. Scholars demanded high-quality, beautiful paper, and the growing demand stimulated the development of more complex paper-making techniques. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, various new types of paper were produced and silk also came to be used more frequently.

 Image of "Chinese Literati" 
Room 8  June 1, 2021 (Tue) - July 18, 2021 (Sun)

The literati were people who devoted themselves to reading, calligraphy, painting, and other highly valued art forms in China. Their way of life was viewed as an ideal. This exhibition room recreates the studies of the literati, where they created works of calligraphy and painting.

5th floor

 Image of "Chinese Lacquerware" 
Room 9  June 8, 2021 (Tue) - September 5, 2021 (Sun)

Lacquer is the sap of the lacquer tree, which grows in East and Southeast Asia. Naturally sticky, it can be brushed onto different materials, and hardens into a durable coating that is waterproof and resistant to acids, alkalis, and heat.

The history of lacquerware in China dates back to the Neolithic period. Over the past 7,000 years, a number of ornate decorative techniques have grown out of Chinese innovations, including: built-up layers of lacquer that are then carved, mother-of-pearl inlay, incised lines of gold, and a special type of decorative inlay made up of different colors of lacquer and outlined in incised lines.

 Image of "Decorative Art of the Qing Dynasty" 
Room 9  June 8, 2021 (Tue) - September 5, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery introduces the decorative art of the Qing dynasty (1644–1912) in China, such as works of jade, cloisonne, glass, and bamboo. The items on display feature the beauty of fine technical skill and the sophisticated atmosphere of Qing–dynasty decorative art.

 Image of "Polished Stone Tools and Metal Tools of Korea" 
Room 10  April 27, 2021 (Tue) - October 24, 2021 (Sun)

This part highlights Korean polished stone tools and metal objects that had a great influence on Japan's Yayoi culture.

 Image of "The Rise and Fall of Kings in Korea" 
Room 10  April 27, 2021 (Tue) - October 24, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery presents artifacts from Korea’s Three Kingdoms period (57 BC–668 AD), an era when powerful rulers vied for control of the Korean Peninsula. The three kingdoms were comprised of Goguryeo in the north, Baekje in the southwest, and Silla in the southeast. A fourth state, known as the Gaya confederacy, also existed in the south before being annexed by Silla.

Each region made full use of the materials of the time—namely, gold, silver, bronze, iron, glass, and jade—to create distinct ornaments and other objects including, armor, horse tack, clay tiles, and pottery.

 Image of "Korean Ceramics" 
Room 10  April 27, 2021 (Tue) - October 24, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery introduces Korean ceramics from the Proto–Three Kingdoms period (1st century BC–3rd century AD) to the Joseon dynasty(1392–1910).

 Image of "Buddhist Art of Korea" 
Room 10  April 6, 2021 (Tue) - September 20, 2021 (Mon)

This gallery features the essence of Korean Buddhist art.

 Image of "Art of the Joseon Dynasty" 
Room 10  April 6, 2021 (Tue) - June 27, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery features Korean furniture, clothing, and room decor from the Joseon dynasty (1392–1910). While the costumes, furniture, tableware, and stationery each possessed individual beauty, their appeal was enhanced by their placement in living spaces.

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