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Calligraphy of the Qing Dynasty - the Stele School -

  • Image of "Poems in Regular Script, By Bao Shichen, Qing dynasty, 18th - 19th century, China"

    Poems in Regular Script, By Bao Shichen, Qing dynasty, 18th - 19th century, China

    Heiseikan Thematic Exhibition Room
    October 8, 2013 (Tue) - December 1, 2013 (Sun)

    During the Qing dynasty, with the rise of the study of ancient texts, epigraphs gained attention in the field of calligraphy. Inscriptions on bronzes and stone monuments became favored over conventional copybooks printed from the works of calligraphy masters such as Wang Xizhi. The group of scholars who focused on epigraphs is called the Stele school, and is distinguished from the Copybook school, which was the mainstream before the rise of the Stele school.

    The Stele school scholars were originally interested in calligraphic works written in Tang-dynasty regular script and Han-dynasty clerical script. They subsequently began to examine bronzes and stone monuments buried in fields and mountains, and formed new calligraphic styles, including a rustic regular script, clerical script and seal script.

    The Stele school became the mainstream of Qing-dynasty calligraphy after scholars, such as Ruan Yuan and Bao Shichen, advocated a theory praising epitaphs created in the Northern Wei dynasty.

    As part of the 11th collaborative exhibition among the Tokyo National Museum, the Taito City Calligraphy Museum, and the Asakura Museum of Sculpture, Taito City, which joined in the collaboration this year, this exhibition overviews the development of the Stele school and introduces the school's major calligraphers' representative works with a focus on the school's sudden rise to eminence.

    This joint exhibition showcases the attraction of calligraphy of the Qing-dynasty Stele school, which appeared, based on academic studies, as a new phase in the history of calligraphy.

Major works in this exhibition
* Works listed below are in the TNM Collection unless otherwise indicated.
Inscription of Burying a Crane, Liang dynasty, dated 514, China (Lent by Taito City Calligraphy Museum, Tokyo)
Bai's Record of the Thatched Hall in Seal Script, Sixfold screen, By Deng Shiru, Qing dynasty, dated 1804, China (Private collection)
Chinese-style Poem in Seven-character Phrases in Running Script, By Ruan Yuan, Qing dynasty, 18th - 19th century, China (Lent by Kyoto National Museum)
Poems in Regular Script, By Bao Shichen, Qing dynasty, 18th - 19th century, China
Couplet of Eight-character Phrases in Seal Script, By Wu Xizai, Qing dynasty, 19th century, China (Private collection)
Qi min yao zhu (Main techniques for people's welfare) in Regular Script, By Zhao Zhiqian, Ca. Qing dynasty, dated 1869, China (Private collection)

Related Events

Heiseikan Auditorium  October 13, 2013 (Sun)   13:30 - 15:00   RESERVE_DAY
Heiseikan Thematic Exhibition Room  October 29, 2013 (Tue)   14:00 - 14:30   RESERVE_DAY