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Zen and Ink Painting | 13th–16th century

"Zen and Ink Painting | 13th–16th century"

Japanese Gallery (Honkan) Room 3  July 6, 2021 (Tue) - August 15, 2021 (Sun)

Landscape of the Four Seasons (detail), Attributed to Shūbun, Muromachi period, 15th century (Important Cultural Property)

Zen Buddhism was introduced from China, and had widespread influence on culture in Japan. Zen does not stress elaborate rituals or the study of sacred texts. Rather, it teaches that meditation and daily tasks, even cooking and cleaning, are the way to spiritual enlightenment. In the 13th century, monks brought Zen to Japan as a complete school of Buddhist thought.

These monks also brought the latest cultural practices from China. One of them was ink painting, which uses expressive lines and delicate gradations to portray nature and people. Ink painting spread beyond Zen temples and became a major artistic tradition in Japan.

Another practice was calligraphy by Zen masters, which was prized for its spiritual and aesthetic value. Along with the painting and calligraphy shown here, Zen Buddhism influenced tea ceremony, garden design, and many other forms of art.

Major Work(s) on Exhibit 3 results
Designation Name Amount Creation Excavation Period Acquisition Ownership Comment
Important Cultural Property Landscape By Gakuō Zōkyū; inscription by Ten'in Ryūtaku (1422–1500) Muromachi period, 15th century Gift of Mr. Matsunaga Yasuzaemon, A-10573
_MD_RECOMMEND Buddhist Sermon By Rinzan Dōin (1255–1325) Kamakura period, 1325 (Shōchū 2) B-2451
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property Landscape of the Four Seasons Attributed to Shūbun Muromachi period, 15th century A-11970
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