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Art of the Modern Era | Late 19th–first half of 20th century

"Art of the Modern Era | Late 19th–first half of 20th century"

Japanese Gallery (Honkan) Room 18  June 2, 2020 (Tue) - August 23, 2020 (Sun)

Prayer for Safe Delivery(detail), 1914

Drastic changes in the late 19th century created new challenges for artists. The samurai government that had strictly regulated contact with the outside world collapsed in a civil war. Japan's new leaders announced the start of the Meiji era (1868–1912), engaging with the world and reforming their nation to be more like “the West” (mainly Europe and the United States).

These leaders soon realized that works produced in Japan were not seen as “fine art” in the West. Artisans often mounted paintings on sliding doors and folding screens, but this practice made them look like furniture to Europeans and Americans. Japan's ceramics, lacquerware, metalwork, and textiles were also labeled as “decorative art” rather than “fine art.”

In response, artistic traditions were changed to meet Western standards. Japan's leaders established schools of fine art, organized national exhibitions, and urged artists to participate in world fairs. They intended to show the world that Japan was a “modern” nation with sophisticated arts and culture. The works on display reflect how Japanese artists met these challenges.

Major Work(s) on Exhibit 3 results
Designation Name Amount Creation Excavation Period Acquisition Ownership Comment
_MD_RECOMMEND Prayer for Safe Delivery Dated 1914 (Taisho 3) 1914 (Taisho 3) A-10539 On exhibit from July 21, 2020
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property Scenes from the Tropics: Morning Dated 1914 (Taisho 3) 1914 (Taisho 3) A-10525-1 On exhibit through July 19, 2020
_MD_RECOMMEND Seashore Village (Houses with white plaster walls) By Nakamura Tsune (1887-1924) Dated 1910 (Meiji 43) A-10170
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