Found in Katsuragi City, Nara, Nara period, 8th century (Important Cultural Property)
Heiseikan Japanese Archaeology Gallery
September 21, 2022 (Wed) - March 12, 2023 (Sun)
In 701, a system of law and administration (ritsuryo) modeled after Tang China was established in Japan under the emperor. A new imperial capital was founded at Nara in 710, with the following 74 years known as the Nara period. During this period, large-scale projects such as the construction of national roads and government-administered Buddhist temples were undertaken. Such events were preceded by the dispatch of envoys to China from the 7th century. These envoys brought the latest institutions, religions, technology, and cultural objects to Japan, contributing greatly to the political and cultural reforms that followed.
Buddhism in particular affected Japan. One Buddhist tradition that spread through society, beginning with the emperor and powerful aristocrats, was cremation. This section displays vessels for cremated remains, items buried with the deceased, and epitaphs noting individuals’ achievements.
Roof tiles, which were introduced to Japan at the end of the 6th century, were initially used for Buddhist temples. After an earlier imperial capital was established in 694, their use was extended to the imperial palace and government buildings. When Emperor Shomu ordered the construction of government-administered temples across Japan in 741, the production of roof tiles gained momentum in the provinces. This section also exhibits distinctive tiles from various regions, ranging from Tohoku in the north to Kyushu in the south.
|Highlight||Important Cultural Property||Cinerary Urn||Found in Katsuragi City, Nara||Nara period, 8th century||J-36505|
|Highlight||Round Eave Tile, Design of Lotus flower||From the ruins of Asuka-dera, Asuka-mura, Nara||Asuka period, 6～7th century||J-35079|
|Decorative Roof Tile with a Lotus Flower||Asuka period, 7th century||J-24248-1|
|Ridge-end Tile, Lotus flower design||From Yamamura Haiji Temple site, Yama-cho, Nara-shi, Nara||Asuka period, 7th century||J-35460|
|Highlight||Ridge-End Roof Tile ("Onigawara") with a Demon Face||Found at the site of Nakayama Tile Kiln, Nara||Nara period, 8th century||Owned by Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties|
|Highlight||Round Eave-End Roof Tile with a Double-Petaled Lotus Flower||Found at Tōdaiji Temple, Nara||Nara period, 8th century||J-35254|
|Highlight||Concave Eave-End Roof Tile with Vines||Found at Tōdaiji Temple, Nara||Nara period, 8th century||J-35390|
|Highlight||Five-storied Stupa of Fired Clay||Found at Tamako-machi, Higashimurayama-shi, Tokyo||Nara period, 8th century||J-25396|
|Highlight||Ridge-end ornament||Found at Tosaka (Takaida) Temple Site, Osaka||Asuka - Nara period, 7th - 8th century||J-25363|