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 >> July 22, 2021 (Thu)Asian Gallery (Toyokan)

July 22, 2021 (Thu)Asian Gallery (Toyokan)

Image of "Asian Gallery (Toyokan)"

Toyokan was reopened on January 2, 2013. The galleries feature art and artifacts from regions including China, Korea, Southeast Asia, Central Asia, India, and Egypt.

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1st floor

 Image of "Chinese Buddhist Sculpture" 
Room 1  April 20, 2021 (Tue) - April 24, 2022 (Sun)

This section mainly features stone or gilt bronze Buddhist statues from about the 6th to the 8th century. The statues on display present the exquisite form of sculptures from the golden era of Buddhist statues in China.

2nd floor

 Image of "Artifacts from West Asia and Egypt" 
Room 3  July 20, 2021 (Tue) - December 5, 2021 (Sun)

This part introduces artifacts from West Asia and Egypt, known as the cradle of the earliest civilizations.

 Image of "Sculptures from India and Gandhara" 
Room 3  June 29, 2021 (Tue) - July 3, 2022 (Sun)

This part mainly features Buddhist statues from Gandhara (northwestern Pakistan) and Mathura (northern, central India) from the 2nd to the 5th century. The wide variety of sculptures on display is a notable feature.

 Image of "Art of the Western Regions" 
Room 3  June 22, 2021 (Tue) - August 1, 2021 (Sun)

This part introduces art of the Western Regions (Central Asia) from about the 1st to the 10th century, with a focus on Buddhist art. The highlight of this part is the rich variety of works with high artistic and historical significance.

3rd floor

 Image of "The Advent of Chinese Civilization" 
Room 4  May 18, 2021 (Tue) - November 14, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery focuses on pottery and jade objects from about 3000 BC to AD 200. The items on display present the beauty that ancient Chinese people pursued in the form and color of pottery, as well as the characteristic luster of jade.

 Image of "Chinese Bronzes" 
Room 5  June 29, 2021 (Tue) - November 7, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery focuses on Chinese bronzes from about 1,800 BC to 1,000 AD. The changing shapes and designs of the bronzes on display provide clues to the thoughts and shifting religious beliefs of the ancient Chinese people.

 Image of "Burials in China" 
Room 5  June 29, 2021 (Tue) - November 7, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery introduces burial goods from about the 2nd century BC to the 8th century AD. During this period, the aristocracy and ruling elites were buried in tomb mounds along with numerous items meant to ensure their comfort in the next life, such as miniature models of daily goods (mingqi) and tomb figures shaped like servants or other people to care for them after death. The miniature models are often related to livestock or agriculture and give clues about the dietary practices of people living during this period. Visitors will also have the opportunity to see tomb figures from the Han dynasty (206 BC–220 AD) and earthenware decorated in the renowned "three-color glaze" (sancai) of the Tang dynasty (618–907).

 Image of "Chinese Ceramics" 
Room 5  June 15, 2021 (Tue) - November 7, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery presents the changing expressions of Chinese ceramics from the 7th to the 19th century.

 Image of "Chinese Textiles: Albums of Antique Textiles" 
Room 5  July 6, 2021 (Tue) - September 26, 2021 (Sun)

Album of Antique Textiles, 16th–19th centuryJapanese tea masters of the Edo period (1603–1868) prized textiles from overseas, many of which were imported from China. To catalog their collections, they compiled albums showcasing samples of gold brocades and damasks along with different types of striped and multicolored textiles. Tea masters prized these small pieces of cloth and dutifully added labels to each one as they bound them into albums. They used these albums to improve their knowledge of imported textiles and also as guides to appraise fabrics used in tea ceremonies or for tea utensils.

4th floor

 Image of "Stone Relief Carvings of China" 
Room 7  April 6, 2021 (Tue) - April 10, 2022 (Sun)

In the 2nd century BC, Chinese tombs were not simply holes in the ground. They developed to have walls and ceilings, with a structure almost like underground mansions. Tombs also appeared that had shrines built above ground for the bereaved families to perform rituals. Particularly in Shandong province and southern Henan province, sturdy stone was favored for making the tombs and shrines, with the stone surfaces used for carving images. Many of these stone bas-reliefs were created until the second half of the 2nd century in the Eastern Han dynasty.

 Image of "Ming and Qing Classicism: Lan Ying, his Disciples, and the Yuan School" 
Room 8  June 22, 2021 (Tue) - July 25, 2021 (Sun)

Lan Ying (1585–1664) was an influential artist active mainly in Hangzhou during the 17th century. Lan adopted the regional styles of the Zhe School and classical modes of literati artists from earlier dynasties, resulting in eclectic landscapes with light colors and elegant brushwork.

Yuan Jiang (1662–1735) and his nephew Yuan Yao (dates unknown) were professional painters active in Yangzhou during the 17th and 18th century.They were also well versed in classical styles and excelled in large landscape paintings with lavish colors and intricate details.

The current exhibition compares and introduces paintings by Lan Ying and his disciples, and the Yuan School, highlighting the similarities and differences between their works.

 Image of "Chinese Calligraphy: The Diversity of Expression in Chinese Calligraphy" 
Room 8  July 20, 2021 (Tue) - September 5, 2021 (Sun)

Calligraphy on paper and silk using the brush and ink has a wide variety of forms, depending on how the brush and ink are used, how the characters are written, and how they are composed on the paper. In China, calligraphy became increasingly commercial from the 16th century, and forms and expressions diversified in response to demand. This exhibition features calligraphy from the mid-Ming and early Qing dynasties, as well as calligraphy from the 16th and 17th centuries, showing the diversity of expression in Chinese calligraphy

 Image of "Chinese Literati" 
Room 8  July 20, 2021 (Tue) - September 5, 2021 (Sun)

The literati were people who devoted themselves to reading, calligraphy, painting, and other highly valued art forms in China. Their way of life was viewed as an ideal. This exhibition room recreates the studies of the literati, where they created works of calligraphy and painting.

5th floor

 Image of "Chinese Lacquerware" 
Room 9  June 8, 2021 (Tue) - September 5, 2021 (Sun)

Lacquer is the sap of the lacquer tree, which grows in East and Southeast Asia. Naturally sticky, it can be brushed onto different materials, and hardens into a durable coating that is waterproof and resistant to acids, alkalis, and heat.

The history of lacquerware in China dates back to the Neolithic period. Over the past 7,000 years, a number of ornate decorative techniques have grown out of Chinese innovations, including: built-up layers of lacquer that are then carved, mother-of-pearl inlay, incised lines of gold, and a special type of decorative inlay made up of different colors of lacquer and outlined in incised lines.

 Image of "Decorative Art of the Qing Dynasty" 
Room 9  June 8, 2021 (Tue) - September 5, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery introduces the decorative art of the Qing dynasty (1644–1912) in China, such as works of jade, cloisonne, glass, and bamboo. The items on display feature the beauty of fine technical skill and the sophisticated atmosphere of Qing–dynasty decorative art.

 Image of "Polished Stone Tools and Metal Tools of Korea" 
Room 10  April 27, 2021 (Tue) - October 24, 2021 (Sun)

This part highlights Korean polished stone tools and metal objects that had a great influence on Japan's Yayoi culture.

 Image of "The Rise and Fall of Kings in Korea" 
Room 10  April 27, 2021 (Tue) - October 24, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery presents artifacts from Korea’s Three Kingdoms period (57 BC–668 AD), an era when powerful rulers vied for control of the Korean Peninsula. The three kingdoms were comprised of Goguryeo in the north, Baekje in the southwest, and Silla in the southeast. A fourth state, known as the Gaya confederacy, also existed in the south before being annexed by Silla.

Each region made full use of the materials of the time—namely, gold, silver, bronze, iron, glass, and jade—to create distinct ornaments and other objects including, armor, horse tack, clay tiles, and pottery.

 Image of "Korean Ceramics" 
Room 10  April 27, 2021 (Tue) - October 24, 2021 (Sun)

This gallery introduces Korean ceramics from the Proto–Three Kingdoms period (1st century BC–3rd century AD) to the Joseon dynasty(1392–1910).

 Image of "Buddhist Art of Korea" 
Room 10  April 6, 2021 (Tue) - September 20, 2021 (Mon)

This gallery features the essence of Korean Buddhist art.

 Image of "Art of the Joseon Dynasty" 
Room 10  June 29, 2021 (Tue) - September 20, 2021 (Mon)

This gallery features Korean furniture, clothing, and room decor from the Joseon dynasty (1392–1910). While the costumes, furniture, tableware, and stationery each possessed individual beauty, their appeal was enhanced by their placement in living spaces.


 Image of "Khmer Sculpture" 
Room 11  July 6, 2021 (Tue) - February 20, 2022 (Sun)

This section introduces sculptures from Khmer, with a focus on stone statues from the Angkor period (9th-13th century). The Tokyo National Museum collection of Khmer sculptures, which are distinguished in both quality and quantity, was acquired in 1944 through an exchange project with the research institute l'École francaise d'Extrême-Orient.

 Image of "14 Dynasties and a Region: The History and Culture of the Muslim World: The Collection of the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia" 
Rooms 12 & 13  July 6, 2021 (Tue) - February 20, 2022 (Sun)

This special thematic exhibition does not limit its scope to a particular nation or region, but instead features Islamic art from all over the world. It was made possible through the generous cooperation of the Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia and their willingness to loan works from their impressive collection of Islamic masterpieces.

Islam was founded as a monotheistic religion in the 7th century by the Prophet Muhammad (ca. 570–632) on the Arabian Peninsula. After its founding, Islam gradually spread outward to Europe, North Africa, and Central Asia, eventually reaching East and Southeast Asia. It is currently the world’s second most widely practiced religion next to Christianity. Many Islamic dynasties rose and fell as the religion spread across the globe, and each one developed its own version of Islamic culture enriched by elements of local cultures.

This exhibition showcases decorative art objects and historical materials that highlight the diversity within Islamic culture and promote a deeper understanding of the Islamic world.

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