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Buddhist Sculpture from the Edo Period to the Modern Era

Buddhist Sculpture from the Edo Period to the Modern Era / Honkan Room 14   July 10, 2018 (Tue) - September 30, 2018 (Sun)

  
The Taoist Immortal Xiama, By Takahashi Hozan, Edo Period, 19th century

From the Edo period (1603–1868) to the Meiji era (1868–1912), the circumstances surrounding Buddhist art in Japan changed dramatically. In the Meiji era, a nationalistic movement to expel Buddhism, which some viewed as a foreign religion, led to the destruction of countless Buddhist sculptures. Meanwhile, the craftsmen who created these sculptures were forced to seek new work. The government, however, fearing the continued destruction of these objects, so symbolic of Japan’s history and culture, took measures to protect them. Thus, in the Modern era, Buddhist sculptures, which had been objects of workshop, also came to be accepted as “cultural properties,” while former Buddhist sculptors began to use their abilities to create what was now considered art. This thematic exhibition compares sculptures from the Edo period and the Meiji era, allowing visitors to examine how the diversification of values prompted new developments in Buddhist sculptural expression.

 Major works in this exhibition
* Works listed below are in the TNM Collection unless otherwise indicated.
 Major works in this exhibition
* Works listed below are in the TNM Collection unless otherwise indicated.
Seated Shaka Nyorai (Sakyamuni), By Kojo, Edo period, dated 1664 (Lent by Kan'eiji, Tokyo)
Seated Yakushi Nyorai (Bhaisajyaguru), Formerly enshrined in the Five-story Pagoda of Kan'eiji temple, Edo period, dated 1639 (Lent by The Tokyo Metropolitan Government)
The Taoist Immortal Xiama, By Takahashi Hozan, Edo Period, 19th century
Kannon (Avalokitesvara) Riding a Dragon, By Sato Chozan, Showa era, 20th century (Gift of Mr. Yamada Tokuzo)
Seated Ichiji Kinrin (Ekaksarosnisacakra) (Copy), Copied by Niro ChunosukeOriginal in Chusonji, Iwate, Dated 1897 (Meiji 30); original: Heian period, 12th century

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