Jar with Human Face Ornament, Found at Ozakata Site, Ibaraki, Yayoi period, 2nd–1st century BC, Gift of Mr. Tanaka Kunio
Heiseikan Japanese Archaeology Gallery
March 1, 2022 (Tue) - September 4, 2022 (Sun)
About 2,400 years ago, bronze and iron tools as well as rice cultivation were introduced from China and Korea, later spreading throughout most of Japan. People began living in villages with irrigated rice fields, marking the beginning of the agricultural Yayoi period. Two unique cultures developed in parallel with Yayoi society: the Post-Jomon culture on the island of Hokkaido to the northeast, where rice cultivation did not take root, and the Late Shell Mound culture on the Nansei Islands to the southwest.
Yayoi pottery was used during this period. Although it was unglazed like the Jomon pottery of the previous period, it was thinner and fired at a higher temperature, making it more durable and lighter in color. Vessels with specific functions such as urns for boiling, jars for storage, and stemmed bowls for serving food were created to meet the needs of this new agricultural society.
In the first half of the Yayoi period (ca. 4th–3rd century BC), pottery with shared characteristics known as Ongagawa-type pottery was created throughout western Japan. Vessels showing influence from this pottery have been excavated in eastern and northern Japan, suggesting the diffusion of a shared culture. Moreover, during the mid-Yayoi period (ca. 2nd–1st century BC) use of the potter’s wheel and other new techniques were adopted.
|Designation||Name||Amount||Creation Excavation||Period||Acquisition Ownership||Comment|
|Highlight||Pot||Found in Osaka City, Osaka||Yayoi period, 4th–3rd century BC||J-36629-6|
|Highlight||Jar||Found in Osaka City, Osaka||Yayoi period, 4th–3rd century BC||J-36629-11|
|Highlight||Jar||Found in Chikuzen Town, Fukuoka||Yayoi period, 2nd–1st century BC||Lent by Chikuzen-machi Education Commission|
|Highlight||Cylindrical Vessel Stand||Found in Chikuzen Town, Fukuoka||Yayoi period, 2nd–1st century BC||Lent by Chikuzen-machi Education Commission|
|Footed Vessel||Found at Funahashi Site, Osaka||Yayoi period, 2nd–1st century BC||Gif of Mr. Tamura Atsumasa, J-38746|
|Highlight||Jar with Human Face Ornament||Found at Ozakata Site, Ibaraki||Yayoi period, 2nd–1st century BC||Gift of Mr. Tanaka Kunio, J-34947|
|Highlight||Important Cultural Property||Jar||Found in Asagiri Town, Kumamoto||Yayoi period, 1st–3rd century||Private collection|