Deep Pot, Found in Niigata City, Niigata, Jōmon period, 4000–3000 BC, Gift of Mr. Uehara Kōshirō
Heiseikan Japanese Archaeology Gallery
March 1, 2022 (Tue) - September 4, 2022 (Sun)
Rising sea levels formed the Japanese islands when the ice age ended about 13,000 years ago. In response to their changing environment, people began using the bow and arrow for hunting, invented pottery, and began living in permanent settlements. This was the beginning of Japan’s Neolithic era, which lasted for approximately 10,000 years. Although farming and the rearing of livestock usually began during this era in other societies, life in Japan continued to be centered on foraging, fishing, and hunting.
Pottery from this era was decorated with patterns made by impressing cords into the clay before firing, and is named Jomon (cord-marked) pottery. Japan’s Neolithic era is called the Jomon period in reference to this distinctive pottery. The invention of pottery for cooking extended the range of edible foods, made certain foods more digestible, and helped to eliminate harmful bacteria. Jomon pottery was also used for ceremonies and burial rites, playing an important role in culture and society.
This section shows how pottery changed and increased in variety during the Jomon period. Deep bowls for cooking were the earliest vessels, with shallow bowls for serving food appearing later, followed by pots and spouted vessel for storage.
|Designation||Name||Amount||Creation Excavation||Period||Acquisition Ownership||Comment|
|Highlight||Deep Bowls||Found at Hanamiyama Site, Yokohama City, Kanagawa||Jomon period, 11,000-7,000 BC||Lent by the Yokohama City Board of Education, Kanagawa|
|Highlight||Important Cultural Property||Deep Bowl||Found at Natsushima Shell Mound, Yokosuka City, Kanagawa||Jomon period, 7,000-4,000 BC||Lent by the Meiji University Museum, Tokyo|
|Highlight||Deep Pot||Found in Niigata City, Niigata||Jōmon period, 4000–3000 BC||Gift of Mr. Uehara Kōshirō, J-39544|
|Highlight||Important Cultural Property||Deep Bowls||Excavated at Habitation Site 1, Takikubo Site, Kokubunji-shi, Tokyo||Jomon period, 3000-2000 BC||Lent by Musashi Kokubunji, Tokyo|
|Highlight||Bowl||Found at Fukuda Shell Mound, Ibaraki||Jōmon period, 2000–1000 BC||J-1606|
|Highlight||Double-Spouted Vessel||Found in Yoichi Town, Hokkaidō||Jōmon period, 1000–400 BC||J-4714|