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Development of Figural Haniwa Tomb Figurines

"Development of Figural Haniwa Tomb Figurines"

Heiseikan Japanese Archaeology Gallery  December 21, 2021 (Tue) - June 19, 2022 (Sun)

  
Tomb Sculpture (Haniwa): Man Carrying a Hoe
Found at Akaborimura No. 104 Tumulus, Gunma, Kofun period, 6th century

Haniwa are terracotta figurines that were stood up on ancient burial mounds called kofun. Around the 3rd century at the end of the Yayoi period, pedestal-shaped terracotta objects that were placed on burial mounds began to change form. By the time keyhole-shaped burial mounds were first created in the latter half of the 3rd century, these objects had developed into cylindrical and pot-shaped haniwa.

The earliest representational haniwa, which depicted houses, were created in the mid-4th century, followed by those portraying armor, shields, quivers, and parasols, as well as ships and fowl. Despite increasing variety and changes in the way haniwa were positioned on burial mounds, house-shaped ones were always placed in the center, therefore playing a unique and important role. From the mid-5th century, new haniwa in the shapes of various people and animals were also created. These included shrine maidens, horses, warriors, boars, water fowl, and dogs. They were positioned around the perimeters of burial mounds as though depicting stories. These various representational haniwa, which evolved from simple cylindrical ones, are believed to have played important roles in funerary rituals.

Major Work(s) on Exhibit 8 results
Designation Name Amount Creation Excavation Period Acquisition Ownership Comment
Highlight Tomb Sculpture ("Haniwa"): Woman Carrying Her Child Found at Niwatorizuka Tumulus, Tochigi Kofun period, 6th century Gift of Mr. Hashimoto Shozaburo, J-22898
Highlight Important Cultural Property Tomb Sculpture ("Haniwa"): Seated Priestess Found in Ōizumi Town, Gunma Kofun period, 6th century J-21160
Highlight Tomb Sculpture ("Haniwa"): Man Sitting Cross-Legged Found in Mo'oka City, Tochigi Kofun period, 6th century J-21575
Highlight Tomb Sculpture ("Haniwa"): Man Carrying a Hoe Found at Akaborimura No. 104 Tumulus, Gunma Kofun period, 6th century J-22675
Tomb Sculpture ("Haniwa"): Dog Found in Isesaki City, Gunma Kofun period, 6th century J-20711
Important Cultural Property Tomb Sculpture ("Haniwa"): Boar Found in Isesaki City, Gunma Kofun period, 6th century J-36889
Tomb Sculpture ("Haniwa"): Rooster Found at Niwatorizuka Tumulus, Tochigi Kofun period, 6th century Gift of Mr. Hashimoto Shōzaburō and others, J-22899
Highlight Tomb Sculpture ("Haniwa"): Warrior in "Keikō" Armor Found at Kamishiba Tumulus, Gunma Kofun period, 6th century J-20839