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The Niizawa Senzuka Tombs and Exchange with the Asian Continent

"The Niizawa Senzuka Tombs and Exchange with the Asian Continent"

Heiseikan Japanese Archaeology Gallery  December 15, 2020 (Tue) - June 13, 2021 (Sun)

  
Square Decorative Plate, Found at Niizawa Senzuka No. 126 Tumulus, Nara, Kofun period, 5th century (Important Cultural Property)

Created in the 5th century, burial mound no. 126 is one of approximately 600 that make up the Niizawa Senzuka tumulus cluster located in the Nara Basin. Rectangular in shape and 24 meters in length, excavations revealed that it contained a rich variety of objects from other cultures. These include gold, silver, and gilt-bronze accessories, glass bowls and plates, bronze clothing irons and small mirrors, carved semi-precious stones, and weapons. Among these, the gold and silver crown decorations, jewelry, glass bowls, decorative glass beads, and other objects are equivalent in quality to items excavated from tombs of the Silla Kings in Korea.

Moreover, these objects reflect exchange with the Asian continent: The gilt-bronze belt fittings featuring intricate dragon designs were made in great numbers in China and Korea; the glass objects from western Asia were distributed across a wide region stretching from central Asia to China; and the clothing irons suggest the existence of imported silk products. Judging from their forms and materials, the mirrors, precious stones, and weapons, however, are thought to be Japanese. These objects not only demonstrate that the latest culture had been brought to Japan, but also reflect the admiration people in Japan had for the Asian continent.

Major Work(s) on Exhibit 4 results
Designation Name Amount Creation Excavation Period Acquisition Ownership Comment
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property Square Decorative Plate Found at Niizawa Senzuka No. 126 Tumulus, Nara Kofun period, 5th century J-37191
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property Gold Earrings Found at Niizawa Senzuka No. 126 Tumulus, Nara Kofun period, 5th century J-37192
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property Clothes Iron Found at Niizawa Senzuka No. 126 Tumulus, Nara Kofun period, 5th century J-37189
_MD_RECOMMEND Important Cultural Property Glass Bowl Reportedly found at the Tomb of Emperor Ankan, Osaka Kofun period, 6th century Gift of Club Kansai, J-36665-1
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